Often, we forget that France we know today is hexagonal from only a few time ... Just two centuries ! Before that, France had many other borders and was cercled of many souvereign states, perfectly independents, as Provence, Burgondy, Free-County, Savoy or Aquitain, or others, more small but not least regarding History, as Bearn...
Many nations of the Gallic Peoples were living in Gaules before Caesar Conquest. See their names and places, look at the manoeuvre of the Caesar's armies for submit Gaules after a very long trip across the country, many defeats behind the Gallics of Vercingetorix and finally his win at Alesia.
The french Revolution has instaured administrative departments limits without keeping count of the cultural, natural or lingual limits. The actual administrative "Regions", reestablished by our Ve Republique and based onto the grouping of these republican departments dont reach anymore the ancient "Provinces". We give you here the corresponding areas with XVIIIe century.
The republican politic of the the French State is managed from Paris, and, for a small part since a few time, at the level of the "Regions". But it is a modern disposal from two centuries.
This excessive "centralization" of the State take its origin from Richelieu and Colbert. Before, the driving of the french Realm, for the 13 centuries it existed, was conducted from the "provinces", specially from the Loire edges, maybe because the kings loved to live in their country residences (Chambord, Chinon, Versailles, etc.) maybe because the notion of a "Capital" city was not yet the modern notion we have. Last, because France has not at all the configuration we know today, and its "Provinces" were very more independent. when they were not totally sovereign and independent realms...
Then, the old "Parliaments" of Brittain or of Toulouse were for long times external structures which were often considered as challengers by the french Realm. In these instances, many high characters were forced partners for the french crown , allies or challengers. Someones had such an influence on the master of the time then their names have stood in the history. We can cite the most popular: Saint-Remi of Reims, Saint-Aignan of Orleans, Robert-le-Fort, Jeanne d'Arc, Gaston-Phœbus of Foix, Colbert, la Pompadour, etc., but there is a lot of others less known or famous, who have nevetheless marked their time and oriented the future...
- or history from Cenabum to New-Orleans - by Beauparlant
Resuming the History of France between two republics, Rome and the first French Revolution (or between two empires) :
From Caesar to Napoleon, this text tries to show out the critical role of the river Loire in the Occidental Civilization. The Loire is the root of both the French and the English thrones, and this Kings valley has seen the main happenings of the story from the Celts to the American statement.
All the religious monuments along our historical geography : Abbeys, monasteres, churches, chapels, or cathedrals which have marked with their influence our civilization. Links to other specific sites.
The occidental World live on a tradition called "Judeo-Christian"... But, WHAT DOES THAT MEANS ?
WHO WERE THOSE "judeans" who have given to us the Christianity ?
WHERE WHEN and WHY did they came at home, OUR home in Occident ?
Saint-ABIT : Un village du Béarn ... by Michel Pontois
(in french) A study under microscope of the local traditions of a small village of Bearn. An excellent example of the country hierarchies people / lords in the maedieval context. AVITUS, un empereur et des saints ... by Michel Pontois
(in french) (subtitle: "How to become a "Saint" in the early years of the Christianism?")
Forums on the darks aspects of the history. You'll can exprime yourself upon the different troubling aspects of the History of France...
Upon the details you are wondering, give your advices upon "other possible verities"...